Treatment of Shoulder Injuries Hero

Treatment of Shoulder Injuries

The shoulder is one the most frequently injured joints in the body.  Injury can cause pain in and around the shoulder and can spread to the middle of the arm. It is an unstable joint by design. It is a ball and socket joint where the ball is much larger than the socket similar to a golf ball sitting on a tee. The shoulder is stabilized by soft tissues — muscles, tendons, and ligaments – that are subject to injury

Common painful shoulder problems include:

Dislocation – Occurs when the joint’s ball or humeral head separates from the socket, also called the glenoid.
Rotator Cuff Tear – Occurs when there is injury to one or more of the tendons comprising the rotator cuff.  There are four tendons which enable the lifting of arms and rotating of shoulders.
Fracture – Occurs when there is a break in a bone. It is usually the result of an injury.
Arthritis – Occurs when there is wearing away of the cartilage in the shoulder joint

Shoulder Surgery

Sometimes when a rotator cuff tear is severe and has been present for a long time, the shoulder develops arthritis and the person is unable to raise his or her arm.  In these cases a reverse total shoulder replacement is an option.
The surgeon removes the rounded head of the upper arm bone. Using screws and special tools, a plastic socket is attached to the remaining bone. The surgeon also replaces the socket (glenoid) on the shoulder blade with a metal ball.
This is different from a standard total shoulder replacement. In a standard surgery, the metal ball attaches to the upper part of the humerus. And a new plastic socket attaches to the shoulder blade. This more closely follows a person’s real anatomy.

Call the Department of Surgery at 732.745.8571 for more information about surgeries of the upper extremities.

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